The Mughals ruled India for over 300 years and some of their contributions to the country in the field of art and architecture are unparalleled. While there were periods in between the Mughal rule that were peaceful and produced some of the best world-renowned monuments of India, many people forget that the struggle to get hold of a new territory often results in a lot of bloodshed. The same was the case with the Mughals invading Punjab during early 1700s.
This tale of invasion through brutality in the region of Punjab in early 1700s shows how bloodthirsty Mughal rulers demonized the sacred community of Sikhs around that time. Baba Banda Singh, the army general under the patronage of Guru Gobind Singh, was tasked with clearing out the cruel rulers of Punjab. In no time, the disciplined and noble Banda Singh was able to take hold of various areas in Punjab including Samaana, Sonepat, Shahbaad and Kapoori that were under the control of Mughals who maltreated the local farmers and their families.
By 1714, Banda Singh and his army had freed most of Punjab from the Mughal rule but now faced more and more attacks from the sultanate that was wary of its fading influence in the region.
In December 1715, Banda Singh and 800 Sikh men in his army were captured in a Garhi, where they had been surviving for the past eight months after an ambush. Zakria Khan, the son of Abdu Samad who had ordered Banda’s capture, was tasked with presenting this ‘gift’ to the ruler in Delhi, Farakh-Seyer. But for him, Banda Singh was too small a gift for the ruler and, therefore, he ordered his men to behead every Sikhwho would cross their path while travelling from Lahore to Delhi. The procession which had Banda Singh at the center included 760 prisoners in chains and 200 heads on spears.
When the Mughals saw that Baba Banda Singh just did not break, they decided to make a show of his son’s planned execution. His son was seated on his lap and the executioner carved out his heart through the chest and thrust it into Baba Banda Singh’s mouth. This excruciating barbarianism on part of Mughals is still remembered as the goriest incidents in the history of India.